A Shining: Andre Watts with the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra at the Meyerhoff, June 3
The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra had just finished a lovely version of Samuel Barber’s ‚ÄúAdagio for Strings‚ÄĚ and was getting ready for Bela Bartok‚Äôs ‚ÄúMusic for Strings, Percussion and Celesta‚ÄĚ when conductor Marin Alsop turned toward the audience and spoke into a microphone. The two pieces, she remarked, had both been written in 1936 but they couldn‚Äôt be more different in their soundscapes. The Barber was grounded in 19th-century harmony, while the Bartok had invented a modern harmonic language by investigating music so ancient no one could date it.
Bartok and his school pal Zoltan Kodaly, Alsop explained, had traveled throughout their native Hungary to collect old folk songs with intervals and rhythms completely alien to the European art music of the day. When they incorporated those handed-down-through-generations elements into new compositions, the results sounded shockingly new to art-music ears. Alsop then asked the audience to do all their coughing now, because the orchestra was about to record the Bartok piece for Naxos Records.
It was an excellent choice for a recording by this conductor and this symphony at this time. Bartok‚Äôs 74-year-old music no longer sounds strange or innovative, but it’s still full of tension and release, and the BSO captured that drama perfectly. It‚Äôs significant that Stanley Kubrick selected ‚ÄúMusic for Strings, Percussion and Celesta‚ÄĚ for the soundtrack of The Shining. It’s not the melodic material that makes the piece so special, for the theme is little more than a few short phrases based on folk sources (that the orchestra helpfully played during Alsop‚Äôs short talk), but Bartok put those fragments through so many permutations that it was as if he were tying and untying different knots into the same string all night long.
Following Bartok‚Äôs instructions, Alsop had divided her string section in two and then pitted one half against the other, especially in the furious call-and-response passages in the dance sections. The push-and-pull of the rhythms was given some muscle by the emphatic piano, tympani, and celesta (a small piano that replaces the strings with metal plates) arranged behind the strings. But this horn-less version of the orchestra was also capable of great delicacy, most notably when the chiming celesta and harp added to the eerie nocturnal feeling of the pizzicato strings in the third movement.
When this recording is finally released, it should give a real boost to the BSO’s reputation, for the strings played with all the rich color and precision one could hope for. One wishes that Alsop would program more such challenging and satisfying fare, but she still faces resistance from her audience. That was clear in the men‚Äôs restroom during the intermission immediately following the Bartok. While waiting in line, an elderly gentleman in a mustard-yellow blazer declared to one and all in a tone of assumed knowingness, ‚ÄúI wonder what Bach and Mozart would have thought of that? They would have said, ‚ÄėHow did it all go so wrong?‚Äô‚ÄĚ
This man was presumably happier when, after intermission, the orchestra returned to play Beethoven’s ‚ÄúEmperor‚ÄĚ Piano Concerto No. 5 with soloist Andre Watts. After all, this was sumptuous music, full of the grand gestures of the 19th-century vocabulary. Even at age 63, Watts is an exceptional pianist, banging out the loud passages with such crisp authority that when he pulls back for the quieter sections, he sounds incredibly tender but can still be heard clearly throughout the hall without amplification. Watts, a 1972 graduate of the Peabody Conservatory, betrayed no strain at all on the quick triplets and long strings of eighth and 16th notes.
This music sounds so familiar now that it‚Äôs easy for our friend in the men‚Äôs room to forget how iconoclastic Beethoven sounded in 1800 when he premiered his first symphonies. One would assume that Bach and Mozart, both revolutionaries in their own time, would have embraced Beethoven’s breakthroughs, just as they would have embraced Bartok and John Adams.